Conjunctions and Conjunctive Adverbs TOEFL-Speaking.com January 10, 2015 TOEFL Speaking Tips and Tricks 2 Comments TOEFL Speaking Topics: Conjunctions & Conjunctive Adverbs While rating your responses on the Speaking questions, ETS test scorers evaluate how well you develop your topic and deliver your message and they rate your responses based on your performance. See the TOEFL iBT Speaking Section Scoring Guide for details. To get a high score (26-30) on the Speaking Section, your responses should be sustained, well developed, coherent and relationships between ideas should be clear. To this end, you should use conjunctions to connect sentences and create complex relationships between ideas. We categorized conjunctions according to their various uses (See Conjunctions & Conjunctive Adverbs List) and shared some advice on their usage within sentences below. Please feel free to share your favorite conjunctions in the comments section, so we will add them to the Conjunction List. Besides (indicate something additional to what has already been stated) Definition : Moreover; furthermore; also. Sentence : Besides, I promised her we would come. Notwithstanding Definition : In spite of the fact that; although. Sentence : It was the same material, notwithstanding the texture seemed different. For Definition : Because; seeing that, since. Sentence : I couldn’t stay, for the area was violent. Hence (used to introduce a logical conclusion) Definition : As an inference from this fact; for this reason; therefore. Sentence : I shall go to Japan and hence will not be here in time for the party. To illustrate Definition : To make clear or intelligible, as by examples or analogies; exemplify. Sentence : Markets may not follow predictable, cyclical patterns, but the photographs chosen to illustrate market trends sure do. To sum up Definition : To bring into or contain in a brief and comprehensive statement; summarize: Sentence : They always sum up the important news in a couple of minutes Last but not least (often followed by a comma) Definition : An expression to start the last item of a list, emphasizing that while it is listed last, it is just as important as the rest of the items. Sentence : I would like to thank my publisher, my editor, and last but not least, my husband for his encouragement during the writing of my book. ADDITION CONTRAST CAUSE EFFECT EXAMPLE SUMMARY TIME SEQUENCE And Also Moreover Furthermore In addition Additionally Besides But However Although Even though Though Nevertheless Nonetheless In contrast On the contrary Conversely On the other hand Whereas Notwithstanding Because For Since Now that Inasmuch as So Consequently As a result Therefore Hence Thus For example For instance To illustrate As an illustration In conclusion To sum up To conclude For these reasons First of all Firstly Secondly Last but not least Share this:Click to email this to a friend (Opens in new window)Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on Google+ (Opens in new window)Click to share on Tumblr (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pinterest (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window) 2 Responses beginner1010 May 9, 2015 Added Your browser does not support the audio element. Reply levy anne bayani July 19, 2016 My answer to the TOEFL Speaking question. Reply Leave a Reply Cancel Reply Your email address will not be published.CommentAudio commentRecord audio commentAudior should be here Name* Email* Website Notify me of follow-up comments by email. Notify me of new posts by email.