How to Prepare for TOEFL Speaking – Overview TOEFL-Speaking.com October 29, 2014 TOEFL Speaking Tips and Tricks The Speaking Section takes approximately 20 minutes and includes 6 tasks. The first 2 tasks are independent speaking tasks. The remaining 4 tasks are integrated tasks. You can take notes and use those notes when responding. I STRONGLY RECOMMEND YOU TO TAKE NOTES! Question Type 1 Personal Preference Preparation time: 15 seconds Response time: 45 seconds The question asks you to express your personal preference from a given category, explain your reasons and give examples. For example, important person, interesting tourist attraction, favorite style of clothing, etc. Question Type 2 Choice Preparation time 15 seconds Response time 45 seconds The question asks you to make choice between two contracting behaviors, explain your reasons and give examples. For example; some people prefer to eat out at restaurants. Others prefer to eat at home. Which do you prefer and why? Use specific details and examples to support your answer. Question Type 1 & 2: TEMPLATE My choice I believe First reason First of all, … Moreover, … For example, … Second reason Secondly, … Furthermore, … For instance,… Conclusion For these reasons, … Question Type 3 & 5: CONVERSATIONS (relatively easy) Question Type 3 Campus Situation Topic: Fit and Explain (READ & LISTEN & SPEAK) Preparation time 30 seconds Response time 60 seconds A reading passage (75–100 words) presents a campus-related issue. A conversation between two students (60–80 seconds, 150–180 words) comments on the issue in the reading passage. The question asks you to summarize the speaker’s opinion within the context of the reading passage. TEMPLATE & NOTES The campus-related issue is probably a change / a new policy. And, it is given in the reading passage!! In the conversation, the student his/her opinion (agree/disagree) and explains reasons for this opinion. GIVE ATTENTION TO THE REASONS GIVEN IN THE CONVERSATION! Probably, one of the students is female and the other one is male. So, it is advantageous to take notes like this (not to be confused while responding): F (refers female student) M (refers male student) The change According to the reading passage, Student’s opinion He / She agrees/disagrees with … First reason Firstly, Second reason Secondly, Conclusion For these reasons, he/she agree/disagree with … Question Type 5 Campus Situation Problem/Solution (LISTEN & SPEAK) Preparation time 20 seconds Response time 60 seconds The conversation (60–90 seconds; 180–220 words) is about a student-related problem and two possible solutions. The question asks you to explain the problem and to express an opinion about solving the problem. In the conversation one of the students mention a problem. And the other student provides two or three solutions. So, while responding, describe the problem, (if you have time) explain possible solutions AND state your choice (which solution is better for you), AND explain your reasons. Choose the solution for which you can provide one or two reasons. The problem The man … Student’s opinion The woman provides two solutions for his problem. First solution Firstly, he can do … Second solution Secondly, he can do … Your choice If I were him, I would do … Your reasons Because, … Conclusion For these reasons, I think, … first solution is better. Question Type 4 & 6: LECTURES (relatively difficult) Question Type 4 Academic Course Topic: General/Specific (READ & LISTEN & SPEAK) Preparation time 30 seconds Response time 60 seconds A reading passage (75–100 words) broadly defines a term, process, or idea from an academic subject. A part of a lecture (60–90 seconds; 150–220 words) provides examples and specific information to illustrate the term, process, or idea from the reading passage. The question asks you to combine and convey important information from the reading passage and the lecture. GIVE MOST ATTENTION TO THE EXAMPLES GIVEN IN THE LECTURE!! Question Type 6 Academic Course Topic: Summary (LISTEN & SPEAK) Preparation time 20 seconds Response time 60 seconds A part of a lecture (90–120 seconds; 230–280 words) that explains a term or concept and gives concrete examples to illustrate that term or concept. The question asks you to summarize the lecture and demonstrate an understanding of the relationship between the examples and the overall topic. GIVE MOST ATTENTION TO THE EXAMPLES! Please feel free to ask your questions. 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